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Dietary Supplement Product Development and Formulation Consultants

by Morgan Settle in Uncategorized Comments: 0


As Dietary Supplement Consultants we often are asked what we think of a product concept. The thought process to develop an answer is generally similar, regardless of the type of product, and whether its finished product, or an ingredient or raw material.

A number of considerations go into developing successful, effective, safe and compliant dietary supplements, foods, and food and dietary ingredients.  These include:

  • What does the supplement or food do?
  • How safe is the product?
  • How is the ingredient dosage determined?
  • What can be claimed about the product?
  • Is the evidence supporting the claims sufficient?
  • Who will benefit from the product?
  • Are the ingredients available at an acceptable quality, cost and volume?


The 4 Initial Steps to Dietary Supplement Product Development

There are four basic elements to developing a groundbreaking product:

  1. Begin with the finished product in mind. Determine in full detail how the product will be marketed, what the desired product claims will be, and how the product will address an unmet market need.
  2. Intimately understand the product value and market positioning compared to the competition. How will the product address an unmet need, or be different than what is already found on the market?  How will the product be priced compared to the competition? A full competitive analysis is important to determine positioning.
  3. What language will be used to describe the product? (This language, found on product labels and on webpages, is considered to be part of product claims.)
  4. In what country(s) will the product be marketed?  Regulations in different countries vary, and it is important to understand the unique requirements of each location.

The Secret of Getting Ahead is Getting Started.


Product developing plans often coordinate the knowledge of supplement consultants and experts, review regulatory status of the product and evaluate the available scientific evidence.  A great plan will identify not only opportunities, but also gaps and risks that may prevent success.

Contact us for more information on our Dietary Supplement Formulation and Development



Additional Reading:

Food and Supplement Claims with Confidence

Dietary Supplement Formula Development

Dietary Supplement Ingredient Regulatory Status

Supplement Manufacturing Consulting

Creating Natural Product Intellectual Property

AOAC ERP of the Year to Kombucha Alcohol Group

by NaturPro in Uncategorized Comments: 0

NaturPro Contributes to Expert Panel Receiving AOAC Award: “ERP of the Year” to Kombucha Alcohol Group

The AOAC Expert Review Panel (ERP) charged with reviewing methods of analysis for ethanol in kombucha initially met in September 2016 to review methods against AOAC SMPR 2016.001 (Determination of Ethanol in Kombucha). At this meeting, the ERP adopted an Official Method of Analysis for First Action status, AOAC 2016.12 (Determination of Ethanol in Kombucha) using gas chromatography with flame ionization detection (GC-FID). The selection and validation of this method was coordinated by NaturPro Scientific and performed by Covance Laboratories, Wisconsin.

kombucha tea testing alcohol ethanol

Method adopted for kombucha tea testing for alcohol in validated labs

AOAC states: “The ERP’s work directly impacts the resolution of urgent and key issues identified by industry, and serves as a forum where both the kombucha industry and government work together.

“The ERP was selected because its open and thorough scientific scrutiny of methods and its output clearly demonstrate the culmination of an industry-wide effort that facilitates regulatory and industry engagement for addressing urgent analytical disputes and facilitating trade. All ERP members receive the award, and publicly receiving the award on behalf of the group is the ERP chair, Sneh Bhandari.

“The Expert Review Panel (ERP) of the Year Award recognizes an ERP for achieving and completing signicant milestone(s) (e.g., Final report, First Action Method, Final Action Method), highlighted by some unique or particularly noteworthy aspect of a review panel report, such as innovative technology or application, breadth of applicability, critical need, difficult analysis, or timeliness.

“The report demonstrates significant merit as to the scope of the project, diversity of the panel, or an innovative approach to difficult analytical challenges. The report must have been submitted within the last 3 years.”

 

 

Cannabis Consultants

by NaturPro in Uncategorized Comments: 0

NaturPro Scientific stands out as consultants who work for our clients.

Our history: We have more than 30 years experience in developing the scientific aspects of botanical products to support human health. So when we started to work on cannabis, hemp and CBD products in 2013, it was second nature.

There are a lot of things to consider when developing cannabis products or hiring a consultant.

  1. Whether your partners understand regulations, compliance and quality assurance, and how to balance these with business. We help you meet the legal requirements and regulations, without breaking the bank.
  2. Scientific expertise and experience across all the function platforms of health product businesses. Whether it’s the science, regulations, communications, validation or due diligence needed, you need someone who’s going to share expert opinions with honesty and transparency.
  3. Inside knowledge of industry standards through active participation on committees of industry standards-setting organizations like American Herbal Products Association, ASTM International and the U.S. Hemp Roundtable. We have a solid reputation in the food, supplement, CBD and cannabis  industry as someone you can trust.
  4. Experience consulting and working efficiently with companies of all sizes and types. Our clients ultimately value our knowledge of both the ideal and the practical, and helping to bridge the gap between efficiently and cost effectively.

Contact us today to learn more about how our expert consultants can help drive your cannabis firm and products to groundbreaking innovation, compliance and success.

——————-

Cannabis Consultants and Experts in Innovation, Product Development and Regulatory Compliance

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Quick Links:

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NaturPro Scientific is a recognized leader in regulatory compliance, GMP and quality assurance on CBD, cannabis, botanical drugs, dietary supplements and foods.

What are Good Manufacturing Practices?  Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) ensures products are consistently produced and controlled to the quality standards and conform to all applicable regulatory requirements.  Good Manufacturing Practices are fundamental to any manufacturing industry and are often required to be implemented in plants and factories by national governments.  Our team of experts can assist you with the development and evaluation of GMP programs  for cannabis, marijuana, hemp and CBD products.

We help you to train qualified staff, get in-depth and correct understanding of standards, and establish comprehensive management systems.

Audits for GMP and Quality Assurance

Here are some of the services we offer for cannabis compliance:

  • Audits
    • Preliminary Gap Analysis
    • Facility GMP pre-audits
    • Internal Audits
    • Third-Party Audits
    • CAPA Audits
  • Quality Management
  • Materials Testing
  • Process Approvals
  • Documentation and SOP
    1. Quality Manual
    2. Recordkeeping
    3. Document Control
    4. Traceability & Recall
      1. Formula Records
      2. Batch Records
      3. Certificates of Analysis
    5. Risk Analysis
      1. Hazard Analysis
      2. Purchasing Criteria & Specifications
    6. Supplier Qualification
    7. Preventive Controls
    8. Product Approval & Rejection, Material Inspection
    9. Complaints & CAPA (Corrective Actions)
    10. Quality Issue Investigation and Resolution
  • Training and Hiring
  • Investor Due Diligence

cannabis-consultants-extraction-GMP

NaturPro Scientific are cannabis consultants for extraction and GMP

NaturPro works closely with our clients to provide the most cost effective way to achieve GMP certification and an edge in the market.

The 4 main benefits of our audits (among many) include:

  1. Understanding where you are may not meet regulatory requirements
  2. Provide reviews and recommendations from a fresh perspective
  3. Train your staff on dealing with regulatory audits
  4. Reduce the risk of a food safety issue or costly product recall.

Audits are an integral part of the licensing and ongoing regulatory compliance process for cannabis, marijuana and CBD products. Cannabis audits can be rigorous, and are seen as a true ‘stress test’ on your quality system.

Pre-License Audits
Prior to issuing a license (e.g.,  Cultivation, Processor, Retail), regulators may require demonstration  compliance with the relevant cannabis regulation, and to ensure implementation of critical regulatory requirements such as physical security requirements, recordkeeping and good production practices. Licensed cannabis firms are required to demonstrate regulatory compliance at these audits in order to achieve (and maintain) their license.

Introductory Audits

An introductory audit may be scheduled after the pre-licensing audit, when the licensee is ready to start production. NaturPro Scientific is often hired to participate in and support our clients before, during and after regulatory audits. This audit is conducted to verify compliance against regulations in addition to inventory control/activities.

GMP Audit 
This type of audit assesses compliance against established Good Manufacturing Process (GMP) guidelines. Our experts have extensive experience with GMP audits to assist cultivators and processors  identify gaps against the regulations/standards, and putting appropriate corrective and preventative actions in place.

Quality Assurance
NaturPro has FDA-trained food safety experts (PCQI) and chemists on staff, and we are often called to perform duties of a Quality Manager for our clients. We handle and interpret lab testing, support supply chain and supplier qualification based on best practices for cannabis and botanical drugs.

 

Standard operating procedures (SOP) for cultivation, processing and testing operations can be challenging. NaturPro Scientific’s experience with SOP helps you get to your desired outcome quickly and efficiently.

Our experience in cannabis includes:

  • Currently serve on ASTM International and American Herbal Products Association (AHPA) Cannabis Committees
  • Supported the development of operating standards and wrote standard operating procedures (SOP) for Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) for cannabis standards‐setting organization, currently under review by ASTM International
  • Currently serve as regulatory and quality assurance consultant for hemp industry and trade organizations
  • Founding member of new self regulatory organization for hemp and CBD products
  • Coordinated initial R&D, production, quality assurance and regulatory affairs for a cannabis startup with operations in Washington, Colorado and Nevada
  • Assisted in development of cannabis license applications in New York, Florida, California, Colorado and Louisiana
  • Established analytical testing standards and guidelines for potency and purity of cannabis products
  • Audited cannabis analytical laboratory data according to ISO 17025 standards
  • Developed in‐house formulas, materials lists, manufacturing processes, manufacturing records and operational guidelines for cannabis extract and finished product production
  • Developed R&D for and commercial processes for large‐scale extraction and purification of cannabinoids and terpenes from cannabis

CBD Procedures and SOP (Standard Operating Procedures) are the central part of operations of any cultivation, extraction, processing, packaging or testing business. Startups who invest in solid standard operating procedures (SOP) find themselves several steps ahead, running efficiently, with well-trained staff, and don’t suffer any costly mistakes.

CBD SOP are required by each state where cannabis, marijuana or hemp are regulated.

Any cannabis, hemp, medical or adult-use (recreational) marijuana product is subject to a number of controls, from seed to shelf. NaturPro Scientific has supported a number of clients in the aim of providing safe, effective cannabis and hemp products to support human health.


  1. Cultivation or Processing
    1. Management
    2. Applicable Regulations
    3. Operations
    4. Training & Safety
    5. Hygiene
    6. Sanitation & Cleaning
    7. Farm or Facility
    8. Equipment
    9. Seeds and Propagation Materials
    10. Agricultural Inputs
    11. Pre-harvest practices
    12. Harvesting
    13. Post-harvest practices
    14. Drying & Milling
    15. Sampling
    16. Testing (Potency, purity, cannabinoids, microbiology, heavy metals, pesticides)
    17. Waste Management
  2. Quality Management Systems
    1. Product Quality Policy/Manual
    2. Recordkeeping
      1. Document Control
      2. Formula Records
      3. Batch Records
      4. Certificates of Analysis
    3. Traceability & Recall
    4. Risk Analysis
      1. Hazard Analysis
      2. Purchasing Criteria & Specifications
      3. Supplier Qualification
      4. Intentional Adulteration
      5. Preventive Controls
    5. Product Approval & Rejection, Material Inspection
    6. Complaints & CAPA (Corrective Actions)

CBD Quality Consultants and Experts 

by NaturPro in Uncategorized Comments: 0

In a world where everyone claims to be an expert, NaturPro Scientific stands out as consultants who work for our clients.

Our history: We have more than 30 years experience in developing the scientific aspects of botanical products to support human health. So when we started to work on cannabis, hemp and CBD products in 2013, it was second nature.

Our experience: There are a lot of things to consider when developing cannabis products or hiring a consultant.

First, is whether your partners understand regulations, compliance and quality assurance, and how to balance these with business. We help you meet the legal requirements and regulations, without breaking the bank.

Second, is scientific expertise and experience across all the function platforms of health product businesses. Whether it’s the science, regulations, communications, validation or due diligence needed, you need someone who’s going to share expert opinions with honesty and transparency.

Third, is inside knowledge of industry standards through active participation on committees of industry standards-setting organizations like American Herbal Products Association, ASTM International and the U.S. Hemp Roundtable. We have a solid reputation in the food, supplement, CBD and cannabis  industry as someone you can trust.

Fourth — is experience consulting and working efficiently with companies of all sizes and types. Our clients ultimately value our knowledge of both the ideal and the practical, and helping to bridge the gap between efficiently and cost effectively.

Contact us today to learn more about how our expert consultants can help drive your cannabis firm and products to groundbreaking innovation, compliance and success.

——————-

CBD Quality Consultants and Experts Specializing in Innovation and Product Development and Regulatory Compliance

——————-

Quick Links:

——————–

 

NaturPro Scientific is a recognized leader in audits, GMP and quality assurance on CBD, cannabis, botanical drugs, dietary supplements and foods.

What are Good Manufacturing Practices?  Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) ensures products are consistently produced and controlled to the quality standards and conform to all applicable regulatory requirements.  Good Manufacturing Practices are fundamental to any manufacturing industry and are often required to be implemented in plants and factories by national governments.  Our team of experts can assist you with the development and evaluation of GMP programs  for cannabis, marijuana, hemp and CBD products.

We help you to train qualified staff, get in-depth and correct understanding of standards, and establish comprehensive management systems.

CBD Auditors, GMP and Quality Assurance

Here are some of the services we offer for cannabis compliance:

  • Audits
    • Preliminary Gap Analysis
    • Facility GMP pre-audits
    • Internal Audits
    • Third-Party Audits
    • CAPA Audits
  • Quality Management
  • Materials Testing
  • Process Approvals
  • Documentation and SOP
    1. Quality Manual
    2. Recordkeeping
    3. Document Control
    4. Traceability & Recall
      1. Formula Records
      2. Batch Records
      3. Certificates of Analysis
    5. Risk Analysis
      1. Hazard Analysis
      2. Purchasing Criteria & Specifications
    6. Supplier Qualification
    7. Preventive Controls
    8. Product Approval & Rejection, Material Inspection
    9. Complaints & CAPA (Corrective Actions)
    10. Quality Issue Investigation and Resolution
  • Training and Hiring
  • Investor Due Diligence

cannabis-consultants-extraction-GMP

NaturPro Scientific are cannabis consultants for extraction and GMP

NaturPro works closely with our clients to provide the most cost effective way to achieve GMP certification and an edge in the market.

The 4 main benefits of our audits (among many) include:

  1. Understanding where you are may not meet regulatory requirements
  2. Provide reviews and recommendations from a fresh perspective
  3. Train your staff on dealing with regulatory audits
  4. Reduce the risk of a food safety issue or costly product recall.

Audits are an integral part of the licensing and ongoing regulatory compliance process for cannabis, marijuana and CBD products. Cannabis audits can be rigorous, and are seen as a true ‘stress test’ on your quality system.

Pre-License Audits
Prior to issuing a license (e.g.,  Cultivation, Processor, Retail), regulators may require demonstration  compliance with the relevant cannabis regulation, and to ensure implementation of critical regulatory requirements such as physical security requirements, recordkeeping and good production practices. Licensed cannabis firms are required to demonstrate regulatory compliance at these audits in order to achieve (and maintain) their license.

Introductory Audits

An introductory audit may be scheduled after the pre-licensing audit, when the licensee is ready to start production. NaturPro Scientific is often hired to participate in and support our clients before, during and after regulatory audits. This audit is conducted to verify compliance against regulations in addition to inventory control/activities.

GMP Audit 
This type of audit assesses compliance against established Good Manufacturing Process (GMP) guidelines. Our experts have extensive experience with GMP audits to assist cultivators and processors  identify gaps against the regulations/standards, and putting appropriate corrective and preventative actions in place.

Quality Assurance
NaturPro has FDA-trained food safety experts (PCQI) and chemists on staff, and we are often called to perform duties of a Quality Manager for our clients. We handle and interpret lab testing, support supply chain and supplier qualification based on best practices for cannabis and botanical drugs.

 

Standard operating procedures (SOP) for CBD processing operations can be challenging. NaturPro Scientific’s experience with SOP helps you get to your desired outcome quickly and efficiently.

Our experience in cannabis includes:

  • Currently serve on ASTM International and American Herbal Products Association (AHPA) Cannabis Committees
  • Supported the development of operating standards and wrote standard operating procedures (SOP) for Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) for cannabis standards‐setting organization, currently under review by ASTM International
  • Currently serve as regulatory and quality assurance consultant for hemp industry and trade organizations
  • Founding member of new self regulatory organization for hemp and CBD products
  • Coordinated initial R&D, production, quality assurance and regulatory affairs for a cannabis startup with operations in Washington, Colorado and Nevada
  • Assisted in development of cannabis license applications in New York, Florida, California, Colorado and Louisiana
  • Established analytical testing standards and guidelines for potency and purity of cannabis products
  • Audited cannabis analytical laboratory data according to ISO 17025 standards
  • Developed in‐house formulas, materials lists, manufacturing processes, manufacturing records and operational guidelines for cannabis extract and finished product production
  • Developed R&D for and commercial processes for large‐scale extraction and purification of cannabinoids and terpenes from cannabis

CBD Procedures and SOP (Standard Operating Procedures) are the central part of operations of any cultivation, extraction, processing, packaging or testing business. Startups who invest in solid standard operating procedures (SOP) find themselves several steps ahead, running efficiently, with well-trained staff, and don’t suffer any costly mistakes.

CBD SOP are required by each state where cannabis, marijuana or hemp are regulated.

Any cannabis, hemp, medical or adult-use (recreational) marijuana product is subject to a number of controls, from seed to shelf. NaturPro Scientific has supported a number of clients in the aim of providing safe, effective cannabis and hemp products to support human health.


  1. Cultivation or Processing
    1. Management
    2. Applicable Regulations
    3. Operations
    4. Training & Safety
    5. Hygiene
    6. Sanitation & Cleaning
    7. Farm or Facility
    8. Equipment
    9. Seeds and Propagation Materials
    10. Agricultural Inputs
    11. Pre-harvest practices
    12. Harvesting
    13. Post-harvest practices
    14. Drying & Milling
    15. Sampling
    16. Testing (Potency, purity, cannabinoids, microbiology, heavy metals, pesticides)
    17. Waste Management
  2. Quality Management Systems
    1. Product Quality Policy/Manual
    2. Recordkeeping
      1. Document Control
      2. Formula Records
      3. Batch Records
      4. Certificates of Analysis
    3. Traceability & Recall
    4. Risk Analysis
      1. Hazard Analysis
      2. Purchasing Criteria & Specifications
      3. Supplier Qualification
      4. Intentional Adulteration
      5. Preventive Controls
    5. Product Approval & Rejection, Material Inspection
    6. Complaints & CAPA (Corrective Actions)

Dietary Supplement Testing and Analysis: Quality Control

by NaturPro in Uncategorized Comments: 0

Dietary Supplement Testing and Analysis: Quality Control

Dietary supplements are subject to FDA requirements for good manufacturing practices (cGMP) and quality control in the United States. cGMP require specifications for each ingredient and finished dietary supplement. The specifications list parameters for identity, purity, potency and other requirements for regulatory compliance. Each parameter on the specification must be tested with a scientifically valid method.

NaturPro Scientific, as an UnLab, partners with expert analytical laboratories to conduct specific testing on dietary supplements. Testing typically includes:

  • Physical characteristics (visual, color, odor, taste, density, mesh size)
  • Identity (matching an ingredient in a pass/fail fashion to a particular species of botanical or herb, or a chemical purity test)
  • Potency (concentration of active or marker compounds)
  • Purity (absence of impurities such as moisture, microbiology, pathogens, heavy metals, residual solvents, pesticides, mycotoxins)

The following are analytical principles or instruments that may be used for dietary supplement testing:

  • Karl Fischer
  • Ro-tap and particle size analysis
  • Titration
  • Gravimetry
  • Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC or HP-TLC)
  • High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)
  • Gas Chromatography with Flame Ionization Detection (GC-FID)
  • Gas Chromatography with Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS of GC-MS-MS)
  • Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS)
  • Total Aerobic Plate Count
  • Pathogens (Salmonella, E. Coli, Staph)

The following is a list of documentation and regulations requiring testing under cGMPs:

  • Documentation of the specifications established (21 CFR 111.95(b)(1))
  • Documentation of your qualification of a supplier for the purpose of relying on the supplier’s certificate of analysis (21 CFR 111.95(b)(2))
  • Documentation for why meeting in-process specifications, in combination with meeting component specifications, helps ensure that the dietary supplement meets the specifications for identity, purity, strength, and composition; and for limits on those types of contamination that may adulterate or may lead to adulteration of the finished batch of the dietary supplement (21 CFR 111.95(b)(3))
  • Documentation for why the results of appropriate tests or examinations for the product specifications that you selected for testing ensure that the dietary supplement meets all product specifications (21 CFR 111.95(b)(4))
  • Documentation for why any component and in-process testing, examination, or monitoring, and any other information, will ensure that a product specification that is exempted under 21 CFR 111.75(d) is met without verification through periodic testing of the finished batch, including documentation that the selected specifications tested or examined under 21 CFR 111.75 (c)(1) are not able to verify that the production and process control system is producing a dietary supplement that meets the exempted product specification and there is no scientifically valid method for testing or examining such exempted product specification at the finished batch stage (21 CFR 111.95(b)(5))

There are a number of sources of information for developing specifications and test methods for analysis of dietary supplements. The below is a partial list of references and resources:

  1. Dietary Supplement Ingredient Database, https://dietarysupplementdatabase.usda.nih.gov/
  2. Dietary Supplement Label Database, https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/DietarySupplements-HealthProfessional/
  3. Dietary supplement laboratory quality assurance program: the first five exercises. Phillips MM, Rimmer CA, Wood LJ, Lippa KA, Sharpless KE, Duewer DL, Sander LC, Betz JM.  J AOAC Int 2011;94:803-14. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3173719/
  4. Heavy metals: analysis and limits in herbal dietary supplements, http://www.naturalhealthresearch.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/09_1214_AHPA_Heavy-Metals-White-Paper-Revised.pdf
  5. Pesticide Analytical Manual, Vol I, FDA. Source: http://www.fda.gov/downloads/Food/FoodScienceResearch/ucm113702.pdf
  6. Pesticide Analytical Manual, Vol II, FDA. Source: http://www.fda.gov/downloads/Food/FoodScienceResearch/ucm113721.pdf
  7. Quality assurance of cultivated and gathered medicinal plants. Mathe and Mathe, Source: http://www.mtk.nyme.hu/fileadmin/user_upload/kornyezet/Mathe/Quality_assurance.pdf
  8. Quality control methods for medicinal plant materials (1998) World Health Organization
  9. Recommendations for microbial limits in herbal products, American Herbal Products Association, http://www.ahpa.org/Portals/0/PDFs/Policies/14_0206_AHPA_micro_limits_comparisons.pdf
  10. Standardization of herbal medicines – A review. Kunle O.F. et al, (2012) Int. J Biodiv and Conserv. 4(3) 101-112. Source: http://www.academicjournals.org/article/article1380017716_Kunle%20et%20al.pdf
  11. USP Food Fraud Mitigation Guidance, http://www.usp.org/food/food-fraud-mitigation-guidance

 

Turmeric Supplement Testing — Curcumin Products

by NaturPro in Uncategorized Comments: 0

Laboratory testing of turmeric supplements and curcumin products is important for quality, safety, dosage and bioavailability. NaturPro Scientific offers testing and analysis consulting for turmeric, and works with expert research and quality control testing laboratories.

A number of analytical methods and monographs have been developed for turmeric to ensure bioavailability, consistency, potency and purity of curcumin products.


Turmeric Supplement Testing — Curcumin Products

We recommend all turmeric products have routine and/or periodic independent testing for the following parameters:

  1. Curcuminoids (curcumin) by HPLC
  2. Biological activity
  3. Bioavailability
  4. Heavy metals
  5. Microbiology and pathogens
  6. Residual solvents
  7. Pesticides
  8. Natural source by carbon radioisotope (if labeled as ‘turmeric’)
  9. Food allergens
  10. Sudan dyes

Traditional dosage forms listed by the EU Community Herbal Monograph include the following herbal preparations:

  1. Powdered herbal substance
  2. Comminuted herbal substance
  3. Tincture (Ratio of herbal substance to extraction solvent 1:10), extraction solvent ethanol 70% (v/v)
  4. Dry extract (DER 13-25:1), extraction solvent ethanol 96% (v/v)
  5. Dry extract (DER 5.5-6.5:1), extraction solvent ethanol 50% (v/v)
  6. Tincture (Ratio of herbal substance to extraction solvent 1:5), extraction solvent ethanol 70% (v/v)
    Other solvents are commonly used to extract curcuminoids.


The JECFA has developed a monograph on turmeric oleoresin:

“Obtained by solvent extraction of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.). Only the following solvents may be used in the extraction: acetone, dichloromethane, 1,2-dichloroethane, methanol, ethanol, isopropanol and light petroleum (hexanes).

The selection of a turmeric oleoresin of a particular composition is based on the intended use in food. In general, all turmeric oleoresins contain colouring matter and most contain flavouring matter but some oleoresins are processed to remove aromatic compounds. Commercial products include oleoresins (per se) and formulations in which oleoresin is diluted in carrier solvents and which may contain emulsifiers and antioxidants. Purified extracts of turmeric containing more than 90% total colouring matter are subject to specifications for “Curcumin”.

Turmeric Oleoresins are sold on the basis of “colour value” or “curcumin content”, which generally means the total content of the curcuminoid substances: (I) curcumin, (II) demethoxycurcumin and (III) bis- demethoxycurcumin.

The principle colouring components are:
I. 1,7-Bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)hepta-1,6-diene- 3,5-dione
II. 1-(4-Hydroxyphenyl)-7-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-hepta-1,6-diene- 3,5-dione
III. 1,7-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)hepta-1,6-diene-3,5-dione

Turmeric Oleoresins, per se, are deep brownish-orange viscous oily fluids, pasty semisolids or hard amorphous solids containing 37-55% curcuminoids and up to 25% volatile oil. Diluted turmeric oleoresin formulations are, generally yellow solutions containing 6-15% curcuminoids and nil to 10% volatile oil.

Residual solvents limits:

Acetone : Not more than 30 mg/kg
Methanol: Not more than 50 mg/kg
Ethanol: Not more than 50 mg/kg
Isopropanol: Not more than 50 mg/kg
Dichloromethane and 1,2-dichloroethane: Not more than 30 mg/kg, singly or in combination

Light petroleum (hexanes): Not more than 25 mg/kg


The WHO monograph for medicinal plants for turmeric is excerpted below:

Rhizome (root) of Curcuma Longa L. (turmeric)

Definition

Rhizoma Curcumae Longae is the dried rhizome of Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae) (1).

Dried rhizomes of Curcuma wenyujin Y.H. Lee et C. Ling, C. kwangsiensis S. Lee et C.F. Liang. and C. phaeocaulis Val. are also official sources of Radix Curcumae or Turmeric Root-Tuber in China (2).

Synonyms

Curcuma domestica Valeton., C. rotunda L., C. xanthorrhiza Naves, Amomum curcuma Jacq. (3–5).

Selected vernacular names

Acafrao, arqussofar, asabi-e-safr, avea, cago rerega, chiang-huang, common tumeric, curcum, curcuma, dilau, dilaw, Gelbwurzel, gezo, goeratji, haladi, haldi, haldu, haku halu, hardi, haridra, huang chiang, hsanwen, hurid, Indian saffron, jiânghuang, kaha, kakoenji, kalo haledo, khamin chan, khaminchan, kilunga kuku, kitambwe, kiko eea, koening, koenit, koenjet, kondin, kooneit, kunyit, kurcum, kurkum, Kurkumawurzelstock, luyang dilaw, mandano, manjano, manjal, nghe, nisha, oendre, pasupu, rajani, rame, renga, rhizome de curcuma, saffran vert, safran, safran des indes, skyer-rtsa, tumeric, tumeric root, tumeric rhizome, turmeric, ukon, ul gum, wong keong, wong keung, yellow root, yii-chin, zardchob (13, 6–14).

Description

Perennial herb up to 1.0 m in height; stout, fleshy, main rhizome nearly ovoid (about 3 cm in diameter and 4 cm long). Lateral rhizome, slightly bent (1cm × 2–6cm), flesh orange in colour; large leaves lanceolate, uniformly green, up to 50cm long and 7–25cm wide; apex acute and caudate with tapering base, petiole and sheath sparsely to densely pubescent. Spike, apical, cylindrical, 10– 15cm long and 5–7 cm in diameter. Bract white or white with light green upper half, 5–6 cm long, each subtending flowers, bracteoles up to 3.5 cm long. Pale yellow flowers about 5cm long; calyx tubular, unilaterally split, unequally toothed; corolla white, tube funnel shaped, limb 3-lobed. Stamens lateral, petaloid, widely elliptical, longer than the anther; filament united to anther about the middle of the pollen sac, spurred at base. Ovary trilocular; style glabrous. Capsule ellipsoid. Rhizomes orange within (1, 4, 6, 15).

Plant material of interest: dried rhizome

General appearance

The primary rhizome is ovate, oblong or pear-shaped round turmeric, while the secondary rhizome is often short-branched long turmeric; the round form is about half as broad as long; the long form is from 2–5cm long and 1–1.8cm thick; externally yellowish to yellowish brown, with root scars and annulations, the latter from the scars of leaf bases; fracture horny; internally orangeyellow to orange; waxy, showing a cortex separated from a central cylinder by a distinct endodermis (1, 9, 13).

Organoleptic properties

Odour, aromatic; taste, warmly aromatic and bitter (1, 9, 13). Drug when chewed colours the saliva yellow (9).

Microscopic characteristics

The transverse section of the rhizome is characterized by the presence of mostly thin-walled rounded parenchyma cells, scattered vascular bundles, defi- nite endodermis, a few layers of cork developed under the epidermis and scattered oleoresin cells with brownish contents. The cells of the ground tissue are also filled with many starch grains. Epidermis is thin walled, consisting of cubical cells of various dimensions. The cork cambium is developed from the subepidermal layers and even after the development of the cork, the epidermis is retained. Cork is generally composed of 4–6 layers of thin-walled brickshaped parenchymatous cells. The parenchyma of the pith and cortex contains curcumin and is filled with starch grains. Cortical vascular bundles are scattered and are of collateral type. The vascular bundles in the pith region are mostly scattered and they form discontinuous rings just under the endodermis. The vessels have mainly spiral thickening and only a few have reticulate and annular structure (1, 8, 9).

Powdered plant material

Coloured deep yellow. Fragments of parenchymatous cells contain numerous altered, pasty masses of starch grains coloured yellow by curcumin, fragments of vessels; cork fragments of cells in sectional view; scattered unicellular trichomes; abundant starch grains; fragments of epidermal and cork cells in surface view; and scattered oil droplets, rarely seen (1, 13).

Geographical distribution

Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Madagascar, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Viet Nam (1, 13, 16). It is exten- sively cultivated in China, India, Indonesia, Thailand and throughout the tropics, including tropical regions of Africa (1, 7, 13, 16).

General identity tests

Macroscopic and microscopic examinations; test for the presence of curcuminoids by colorimetric and thin-layer chromatographic methods (1).

Purity tests

Microbiology

The test for Salmonella spp. in Rhizoma Curcumae Longae products should be negative. The maximum acceptable limits of other microorganisms are as follows (17–19). For preparation of decoction: aerobic bacteria-not more than 107/g; fungi-not more than 105/g; Escherichia coli-not more than 102/g. Preparations for internal use: aerobic bacteria-not more than 105/g or ml; fungi-not more than 104/g or ml; enterobacteria and certain Gram-negative bacteria-not more than 103/g or ml; Escherichia coli-0/g or ml.

Foreign organic matter

Not more than 2% (1, 9).

Total ash

Not more than 8.0% (1, 15).

Acid-insoluble ash

Not more than 1% (1, 9, 15).

Water-soluble extractive

Not less than 9.0% (1).

Alcohol-soluble extractive

Not less than 10% (1).

Moisture

Not more than 10% (1).

Pesticide residues

To be established in accordance with national requirements. Normally, the maximum residue limit of aldrin and dieldrin in Rhizoma Curcumae Longae is not more than 0.05 mg/kg (19). For other pesticides, see WHO guidelines on quality control methods for medicinal plants (17) and guidelines for predicting dietary intake of pesticide residues (20).

Heavy metals

Recommended lead and cadmium levels are not more than 10 and 0.3mg/kg, respectively, in the final dosage form of the plant material (17).

Radioactive residues

For analysis of strontium-90, iodine-131, caesium-134, caesium-137, and plutonium-239, see WHO guidelines on quality control methods for medicinal plants (17).

Other purity tests

Chemical tests to be established in accordance with national requirements.

Chemical assays

Not less than 4.0% of volatile oil, and not less than 3.0% of curcuminoids (1). Qualitative analysis by thin-layer and high-performance liquid chromatography (1, 21) and quantitative assay for total curcuminoids by spectrophotometric (1, 22) or by high-performance liquid chromatographic methods (23, 24).

Major chemical constituents

Pale yellow to orange-yellow volatile oil (6%) composed of a number of monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes, including zingiberene, curcumene, α- and β- turmerone among others. The colouring principles (5%) are curcuminoids, 50–60% of which are a mixture of curcumin, monodesmethoxycurcumin and bisdesmethoxycurcumin (1, 6, 25). Representative structures of curcuminoids are presented below.

Dosage forms

Powdered crude plant material, rhizomes (1, 2), and corresponding preparations (25). Store in a dry environment protected from light. Air dry the crude drug every 2–3 months (1).

Medicinal uses

Uses supported by clinical data

The principal use of Rhizoma Curcumae Longae is for the treatment of acid, flatulent, or atonic dyspepsia (26–28).

Uses described in pharmacopoeias and in traditional systems of medicine

Treatment of peptic ulcers, and pain and inflammation due to rheumatoid arthritis (2, 11, 14, 29, 30) and of amenorrhoea, dysmenorrhoea, diarrhoea, epilepsy, pain, and skin diseases (2, 3, 16).

Uses described in folk medicine, not supported by experimental or clinical data

The treatment of asthma, boils, bruises, coughs, dizziness, epilepsy, haemorrhages, insect bites, jaundice, ringworm, urinary calculi, and slow lactation (3, 7, 8–10, 14).

 

 

 

Echinacea Supplement Testing — Echinacea purpurea, E. angustifolia

by NaturPro in Uncategorized Comments: 1

Echinacea Supplement Testing — Echinacea purpurea, E. angustifolia

Echinacea testing is critical to determining the quality, identity and potency of an echinacea material. NaturPro Scientific offers testing consulting for echinacea supplements.

Echinacea analysis and testing is based mainly on the WHO  monograph on Echinacea that is excerpted in part below, and the USP monograph.

 

Herba Echinaceae Purpureae

Definition

Herba Echinaceae Purpureae consists of the fresh or dried aerial parts of Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench harvested in full bloom (Asteraceae) (1).

Synonyms

Brauneria purpurea (L.) Britt., Echinacea intermedia Lindl., E. purpurea (L.) Moench f., E. purpurea (L.) Moench var. arkansana Steyerm., E. speciosa Paxt., Rudbeckia purpurea L., R. hispida Hoffm., R. serotina Sweet (2, 3).

Asteraceae are also known as Compositae.

Selected vernacular names

Coneflower, purple coneflower herb, purpurfarbener Igelkopf, purpurfarbene Kegelblume, purpurfarbener Sonnenhut, red sunflower, roter Sonnenhut (48).

Description

A hardy, herbaceous perennial. Stems erect, stout, branched, hirsute or glabrous, 60–180 cm high; basal leaves ovate to ovate-lanceolate, acute, coarsely or sharply serrate, petioles up to 25 cm long, blades to 20 cm long and 15cm wide, blade abruptly narrowing to base, often cordate, decurrent on petiole, 3–5 veined; cauline leaves petiolate below, sessile above, 7–20 cm long, 1.5–8cm broad, coarsely serrate to entire, rough to the touch on both surfaces; phyllaries linear-lanceolate, attenuate, entire, pubescent on outer surface, ciliate, passing into the chaff; heads 1.5–3cm long and 5–10mm broad, purplish; pales 9– 13mm long, awn half as long as body; disc corollas 4.5–5.5mm long, lobes 1mm long; achene 4–4.5 mm long, pappus a low crown of equal teeth; pollen grains yellow, 19–21µm in diameter; haploid chromosome number n = 11 (2).

Plant material of interest: fresh or dried aerial parts

General appearance

The macroscopic characteristics of Herba Echinaceae Purpureae are as described above under Description. An abbreviated description is currently unavailable.

Organoleptic properties

Mild, aromatic odour; initially sweet taste that quickly becomes bitter.

Microscopic characteristics

A description of the microscopic characteristics of a cross-section of the aerial parts of the plant is currently unavailable.

Powdered plant material

A description of the powdered plant material is currently unavailable.

Geographical distribution

Echinacea purpurea is native to the Atlantic drainage area of the United States of America and Canada, but not Mexico. Its distribution centres are in Arkansas, Kansas, Missouri, and Oklahoma in the United States of America (2). Echinacea purpurea has been introduced as a cultivated medicinal plant in parts of north and eastern Africa and in Europe (9).

General identity tests

Macroscopic examination (2) and thin-layer chromatography and highperformance liquid chromatography (4, 10–13) of the lipophilic constituents and chicoric acid in methanol extracts.

Purity tests

Microbiology

The test for Salmonella spp. in Herba Echinaceae Purpureae should be negative. The maximum acceptable limits of other microorganisms are as follows (1416). For preparation of decoction: aerobic bacteria-not more than 107/g; fungi-not more than 105/g; Escherichia coli-not more than 102/g. Preparations for internal use: aerobic bacteria-not more than 105/g or ml; fungi-not more than 104/g or ml; enterobacteria and certain Gram-negative bacteria-not more than 103/g or ml; Escherichia coli-0/g or ml. Preparations for external use: aerobic bacteria-not more than 102/g or ml; fungi-not more than 102/g or ml; enterobacteria and certain Gram-negative bacteria-not more than 101/g or ml.

Pesticide residues

To be established in accordance with national requirements. Normally, the maximum residue limit of aldrin and dieldrin in Herba Echinaceae Purpureae is not more than 0.05 mg/kg (16). For other pesticides, see WHO guidelines on quality control methods for medicinal plants (14) and guidelines for predicting dietary intake of pesticide residues (17).

Heavy metals

Recommended lead and cadmium levels are no more than 10 and 0.3mg/kg, respectively, in the final dosage form of the plant material (14).

Radioactive residues

For analysis of strontium-90, iodine-131, caesium-134, caesium-137, and plutonium-239, see WHO guidelines on quality control methods for medicinal plants (14).

Other purity tests

Chemical tests and tests for acid-insoluble ash, dilute ethanol-soluble extractive, foreign organic matter, moisture, total ash, and water-soluble extractive to be established in accordance with national requirements.

Chemical assays

For essential oil (0.08–0.32%); chicoric acid (1.2–3.1%) (4). Quantitative analysis of echinacoside, chicoric acid, isobutylamides, and other constituents by high-performance liquid chromatography (4). Quantitative analysis of alkamides and caffeic acid derivatives by thin-layer chromatography and highperformance liquid chromatography (4, 12).

Major chemical constituents

A number of chemical entities have been identified, including alkamides, polyalkenes, polyalkynes, caffeic acid derivatives, and polysaccharides (3, 5–9).

The volatile oil contains, among other compounds, borneol, bornyl acetate, pentadeca-8-(Z)-en-2-one, germacrene D, caryophyllene, and caryophyllene epoxide.

Isobutylamides of C11–C16 straight-chain fatty acids with olefinic or acetylenic bonds (or both) are found in the aerial parts of Herba Echinaceae Purpureae, with the isomeric dodeca-(2E,4E,8Z,10E/Z)-tetraenoic acid isobutylamides.

The caffeic acid ester derivative chicoric acid is the major active compound of this class found in the aerial parts of Echinacea purpurea, with a concentration range of 1.2–3.1%. Chicoric acid methyl ester and other derivatives are also present.

Polysaccharide constituents from Herba Echinaceae Purpureae are of two types: a heteroxylan of average relative molecular mass about 35 000 (e.g. PS-I), and an arabinorhamnogalactan of average relative molecular mass about 45000 (e.g. PS-II).

Other constituents include trace amounts of pyrrolizidine alkaloids (tussilagine (0.006%) and isotussilagine). At these concentrations, the alkaloids are considered to be non-toxic (8). Furthermore, because these alkaloids lack the 1,2-unsaturated necine ring of alkaloids such as senecionine (structure in box) from Senecio species, they are considered to be non-hepatotoxic (3).

Dosage forms

Powdered aerial part, pressed juice and galenic preparations thereof for internal and external use (1, 3).

Medicinal uses

Uses supported by clinical data

Herba Echinaceae Purpureae is administered orally in supportive therapy for colds and infections of the respiratory and urinary tract (1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 18). Beneficial effects in the treatment of these infections are generally thought to be brought about by stimulation of the immune response (3, 5, 7). External uses include promotion of wound healing and treatment of inflammatory skin conditions (1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, 19).

Uses described in pharmacopoeias and in traditional systems of medicine

None.

Uses described in folk medicine, not supported by experimental or clinical data

Other medical uses claimed for Herba Echinaceae Purpureae include treatment of yeast infections, side-effects of radiation therapy, rheumatoid arthritis, blood poisoning, and food poisoning (1, 5, 7, 9).


The following summarizes some current methods for identifying  from a published review on echinacea:

“Alkamides, caffeic acid derivatives, and polysaccharides have been considered important constituents of the plant. A number of studies revealed that alkamides are involved in the immunomodulatory properties of Echinacea extracts in vitroand in vivo.[4,5] Additionally, caffeic acid is found in some species of Echinacea and could be applied toward authentication and quality control of the plant extracts. The polysaccharides play an important role in the anti-inflammatory effect of Echinacea preparations.[6] Taxonomic, chemical, pharmacological, and clinical characteristics of some species of the Echinacea genus including E. angustifolia, E. pallida, and E. purpurea were reviewed in previous papers.[1,7] Medicinal properties of the plant were also considered in a review paper, which suggested that more research is required for more definitive medicinal recommendations.[8] This paper is a review about E. purpurea: Its phytochemical contents and its pharmacological and biological activities, along with common methods of plant extract analysis. In addition, the psychoactive and mosquitocidal effects of the plant are mentioned in this paper….

Alkamides have been analyzed with reverse-phase HPLC coupled with different detectors including UV spectrophotometric, coulometric electrochemical, and electrospray ionization mass spectrometric.[83,84] Furthermore, caffeic acid derivatives have been determined using reverse-phase HPLC or capillary electrophoresis (CE) with photodiode array (FDA) UV spectrophotometric detection.[85,86,87] Phenolic acids were analyzed by micellar benzoic acid electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC), both charged and uncharged analytes, based on the use of sodium deoxycholate (SDC), a surfactant in borate buffer (pH 9.2), as well as in the E. purpurea extract.[88] However, determination methods for both caffeic acid derivatives and alkamides have been developed in single analysis. Although it is a difficult process to separate these diverse constituents in one analysis, methods for the concurrent determination of caffeic acid derivatives and alkamides have the advantages of reduced time and sample size needed for the analysis.[85] Gradient elution on reverse-phase HPLC has been employed for concurrent analysis of caffeic acid derivatives and alkamides from E. purpurea using various detectors such as FDA UV spectrophotometric and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (EIMS).[79,85] Simultaneous analysis of both mentioned derivatives has also been performed by electrophoresis with FDA UV spectrophotometric detector, together with sodium dodecyl sulfate and hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin in Britton Robinson buffer (10 mM, pH 8.0).[89]”

Source: Pharmacogn Rev. 2015 Jan-Jun; 9(17): 63–72 (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4441164/)


Dietary Supplement Laboratory Quality Testing

by Morgan Settle in Uncategorized Comments: 0


Testing Foods, Supplements and Ingredients

The mass confusion around quality testing has brought more awareness to the issue, but the industry is still lacking clear guidance on how to deal with some of the practical issues. That’s why NaturPro offers independent laboratory support for food & supplement testing for natural products.

Have natural product analysis questions? Contact Us..

Why Testing is Important: Supplement and natural product testing with a compliant laboratory is required by FDA for foods, dietary supplements and ingredients to ensure they meet standards for safety, quality and effectiveness. For example, identity, potency and purity are quality control parameters needed to legally sell a natural product as an ingredient, food or dietary supplement.

NaturPro Scientific is driven to achieve the right answers for our clients.  Some have even called us the UnLab. Why?

Being independent means that we do not own or have interest in any laboratory, which means we are free to pick from the top scientific experts for each type of test or analysis. As a result, we are truly able to work on behalf of our clients, to ensure that correct methods are used and results are obtained.


Natural Product and Supplement Testing Consultants

Natural Product and Supplement Testing Consultants

We know which labs are experienced with ginseng, but not with ginkgo — and this can mean a world of difference in test results.


8 reasons to use a supplement testing consultant for dietary supplements:

  1. To ensure analytical methods used are valid and fit for purpose
  2. To make sure laboratories don’t take shortcuts with your sample
  3. To determine if results are precise and accurate
  4. To replicate the results of another lab
  5. To resolve out-of-specification test results
  6. To resolve disputes in data reports
  7. To determine if “dry-labbing” may be occurring
  8. To have an independent expert to review methods and results

3 main benefits of food and dietary supplements testing consultants:

  1. Better analysis and testing validity  for reliable, replicable and defensible results.
  2. Fast turnaround and lower testing costs.
  3. Reduced retesting, rejections, production delays and product recalls.

Bottom Line – NaturPro knows the right methods and labs to use, and the right questions to ask. We know the shortcuts that testing labs can take, and how to prevent that from happening to you, to ensure testing gives the most scientific, accurate and defensible results possible.


Contact Us with your Testing Questions

Dietary Supplement Audits

by Morgan Settle in Uncategorized Comments: 0


NaturPro Scientific stands out as consultants who work for our clients. We help our clients creating a successful dietary supplement by helping with Audits and GMPs.

Audits are an integral part of the licensing and ongoing regulatory compliance process for dietary supplements. Audits can be rigorous, and are seen as a true ‘stress test’ on your quality system.

The 4 main benefits of our audits (among many) include:

  • Understanding where you are may not meet regulatory requirements
  • Provide reviews and recommendations from a fresh perspective
  • Train your staff on dealing with regulatory audits
  • Reduce the risk of a food safety issue or costly product recall.
This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is qtq80-mTYcun-1024x683.jpeg

Types of Supplement Audits

Pre-License Audits
Prior to issuing a license (e.g.,  Cultivation, Processor, Retail), regulators may require demonstration  compliance with the relevant cannabis regulation, and to ensure implementation of critical regulatory requirements such as physical security requirements, recordkeeping and good production practices. Licensed cannabis firms are required to demonstrate regulatory compliance at these audits in order to achieve (and maintain) their license.

Introductory Audits

An introductory audit may be scheduled after the pre-licensing audit, when the licensee is ready to start production. NaturPro Scientific is often hired to participate in and support our clients before, during and after regulatory audits. This audit is conducted to verify compliance against regulations in addition to inventory control/activities.

GMP Audit 
This type of audit assesses compliance against established Good Manufacturing Process (GMP) guidelines. Our experts have extensive experience with GMP audits to assist cultivators and processors  identify gaps against the regulations/standards, and putting appropriate corrective and preventative actions in place.

Quality Assurance
NaturPro has FDA-trained food safety experts (PCQI) and chemists on staff, and we are often called to perform duties of a Quality Manager for our clients. We handle and interpret lab testing, support supply chain and supplier qualification based on best practices for cannabis and botanical drugs.

Contact Us

GMP(Good Manufacturing Practices) For Dietary Supplements

by Morgan Settle in Uncategorized Comments: 0


NaturPro Scientific is a recognized leader in GMP(Good Manufacturing Practices) for dietary supplements and foods.

What are Good Manufacturing Practices?  Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) ensures products are consistently produced and controlled to the quality standards and conform to all applicable regulatory requirements.  Good Manufacturing Practices are fundamental to any manufacturing industry and are often required to be implemented in plants and factories by national governments.  Our team of experts can assist you with the development and evaluation of GMP programs  for dietary supplement products.

We help you to train qualified staff, get in-depth and correct understanding of standards, and establish comprehensive management systems.

Here are some of the services we offer for cannabis compliance:

  • Audits
    • Preliminary Gap Analysis
    • Facility GMP pre-audits
    • Internal Audits
    • Third-Party Audits
    • CAPA Audits
  • Quality Management
  • Materials Testing
  • Process Approvals
  • Documentation and SOP
    1. Quality Manual
    2. Recordkeeping
    3. Document Control
    4. Traceability & Recall
      1. Formula Records
      2. Batch Records
      3. Certificates of Analysis
    5. Risk Analysis
      1. Hazard Analysis
      2. Purchasing Criteria & Specifications
    6. Supplier Qualification
    7. Preventive Controls
    8. Product Approval & Rejection, Material Inspection
    9. Complaints & CAPA (Corrective Actions)
    10. Quality Issue Investigation and Resolution
  • Training and Hiring
  • Investor Due Diligence
cannabis-consultants-extraction-GMP

NaturPro Scientific are Consultants for GMPs

NaturPro works closely with our clients to provide the most cost effective way to achieve GMP certification and an edge in the market.

The 4 main benefits of our audits (among many) include:

  1. Understanding where you are may not meet regulatory requirements
  2. Provide reviews and recommendations from a fresh perspective
  3. Train your staff on dealing with regulatory audits
  4. Reduce the risk of a food safety issue or costly product recall.

Pre-License Audits
Prior to issuing a license (e.g.,  Cultivation, Processor, Retail), regulators may require demonstration  compliance with the relevant dietary regulation, and to ensure implementation of critical regulatory requirements such as physical security requirements, record keeping and good production practices.

Introductory Audits

An introductory audit may be scheduled after the pre-licensing audit, when the licensee is ready to start production. NaturPro Scientific is often hired to participate in and support our clients before, during and after regulatory audits. This audit is conducted to verify compliance against regulations in addition to inventory control/activities.

GMP Audit 
This type of audit assesses compliance against established Good Manufacturing Process (GMP) guidelines. Our experts have extensive experience with GMP audits to assist cultivators and processors  identify gaps against the regulations/standards, and putting appropriate corrective and preventative actions in place.

Quality Assurance
NaturPro has FDA-trained food safety experts (PCQI) and chemists on staff, and we are often called to perform duties of a Quality Manager for our clients. We handle and interpret lab testing, support supply chain and supplier qualification based on best practices for dietary supplements.